A listed building is one that is of ‘special architectural or historic interest’ and has been included on a List kept by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport.
The principles of selection for these lists were originally drawn up by an expert committee of architects, antiquaries and historians, and are still followed. Buildings that qualify for listing are (a) All buildings before 1700 which survive in anything like their original condition, (b) Most buildings between 1700 and 1840, though selection is necessary, and (c) between 1840 and 1914 only buildings of definite quality and character; the selection being designed to include the principal works of the principal architects. Selected buildings of high quality between 1914 and 1939 are also considered, and particularly important post-war buildings more than thirty years old are also eligible for listing
In choosing buildings, particular attention is paid to:
Special value within certain types, either for architectural or planning reasons or as illustrating social and economic history (for instance, industrial buildings, railway stations, schools, hospitals, theatres, town halls, markets, exchanges, almshouses, prisons, lock-ups, mills).
Technological innovation or virtuosity (for instance cast iron, prefabrication, or the early use of concrete).
Group value, especially as samples of town planning (for instance, squares, terraces or model villages).
Association with well-known characters or events
Buildings are classified in grades to show their relative importance
Grade I These are buildings of exceptional interest
Grade II* These are particularly important buildings of more than special interest
Grade II These are buildings of special interest, which warrant every effort being made to preserve them.
The List is a statutory document, which identifies the address of each property together with a description of its architecture and history. The description can include references to age, style, main features of the building and architect (where known).
Listing protects an irreplaceable part of our cultural heritage from unsympathetic changes and unnecessary destruction. Only a small proportion of buildings in England and Wales (about 2.5%) are Listed by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) as being of special architectural or historic interest.
There are 190 entries on the Listed Buildings Register for Fylde Borough Council, please click on the download file on the right hand side for details of the full list. The special interest of a Listed Building is not always visible for example, an important ancient timber frame may be hidden behind later plaster or brickwork. Not all items on the List are what we might conventionally think of as beautiful or attractive as some are included purely for their historical value.
The fact that a building is Listed does not mean that it must be preserved intact for all time. What it does mean is that any proposed alteration or extension will be looked at carefully to make sure it fits in with the original design and character of the building. If you wish to alter or extend a Listed Building then you will need to obtain Listed Building Consent (LBC) from Fylde Borough Council. Listed Building Consent is not normally required for repairs unless the repairs involve alterations which would affect the character or historic interest of the Listed Building, and this would be a matter for determination by the Council. Any alteration that affects the character of a Listed Building needs consent, even where this only affects the interior for example taking down chimneys, removing partitions or staircases, replacing windows and doors or altering their openings. This is in addition to any planning permission or building regulation's approval that might be needed. All demolition requires Listed Building Consent.
Application's for Listed Building Consent are made in a similar fashion to planning application's on a form that can be obtained from the Council’s Planning team. There is no fee for Listed Building Consent.
It can sometimes be quite difficult to tell what changes affect the character of a building. If you are thinking of making changes to a Listed Building and are in any doubt as to whether consent is needed, please contact the Planning team. It is important to remember that it is an offence to demolish, alter or extend a Listed Building without Listed Building Consent. Unauthorised work to a Listed Building is a criminal offence that carries heavy penalties.
To find out if your property is a Listed Building see the download file on the right. This list contains the National Grid Ref No, Serial No of the Listed Building, Date of Listing, Address of Building, Street name, Village/Parish and grade of Building. If you require the description please contact the Planning Policy team. You can view our contact details by clicking here.We are in the process of updating the list to include the description. This will be available shortly.
For further information about Listed Buildings and to view the Photo Gallery of England’s Listed Buildings visit English Heritage’s website at www.english-heritage.org.uk.