Planning Policy Glossary

Planning Policy Glossary

Affordable Housing
Low-cost market housing and subsidised housing, irrespective of tenure, ownership or financial arrangements, available to people who cannot afford to occupy houses generally available on the open market.

Allocation
The use assigned to a piece of land in a development plan.

Annual Monitoring Report
Report to be prepared to cover performance against targets and indicators. The draft Localism Bill proposes to remove the statutory requirement for Local Planning Authorities to submit Annual Monitoring Reports.

Area Action Plan (AAP) Development Plan Documents
A planning document for areas of change or conservation. These Action Plans have the status of Development Plan Documents.

Brownfield Land
See ‘Previously-developed land’.

Conservation Areas
Areas designated by the local planning authority which are considered of special architectural or historic interest, the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Core Strategy Development Plan Document
Sets out the long-term spatial vision for the local planning authority area, the spatial objectives and strategic policies to deliver the vision.

Development Brief
These provide more detailed information to guide developers on the design and layout constraints and other requirements of individual sites.

Development Management Development Plan Document
This Development Plan Document (DPD) is produced if there are important planning matters on which the Core Strategy cannot provide guidance. The Development Management DPD would support the Core Strategy by providing more detailed policies for the management of development and will assist in delivering the objectives of the Core Strategy.

Development Plan
This sets out the planning policies and proposals for the development and use of land in the Borough. It consists of adopted Development Plan Documents (DPDs), saved local plan policies and any old styled local plans that have not lapsed. It also includes the Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) whilst in place, though it should be noted that the government announced the revocation of Regional Spatial Strategies in July 2010.

Development Plan Documents (DPDs)
These documents will together form the Development Plan for the Borough area. DPDs must include a Core Strategy and Proposals Map, but may also include other documents such as Area Action Plans (AAPs).

Examination In Public (EIP)
This is designed to test the soundness of the documents produced as part of the local development framework.

Green Belt
Areas of land where development is particularly tightly controlled. The purposes of Green Belt are to check the unrestricted sprawl of large built-up areas; to prevent neighbouring towns from merging; to safeguard the countryside from encroachment; to preserve the setting and special character of historic towns; and to aid urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land.

Greenfield Land
Land which has not previously been developed.

Local Development Documents (LDD)
These include Development Plan Documents (which form part of the statutory development plan) and Supplementary Planning Documents (which do not form part of the statutory development plan). LDDs collectively deliver the spatial planning strategy for the local planning authority's area.

Local Development Framework (LDF)
The overarching term given to the collection of Local Development Documents (LDDs) prepared by a local planning authority.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)
The local planning authority's time-scaled programme for the preparation of Local Development Documents that must be agreed with government and reviewed every year.

Localism Bill
The draft Localism and Decentralisation Bill (or Localism Bill) was published in December 2010. When passed it will devolve greater powers to councils and neighbourhoods and give local communities control over housing and planning decisions.

Local Plan
Prepared under the Planning Acts, usually by district councils, this sets out detailed policies and proposals for the development and use of land. Planning law now requires that all district councils prepare a local plan covering the whole of their area. Some local plans are prepared for specific subjects like minerals and waste disposal.

Local Strategic Partnership (LSP)
An overall partnership of people that brings together organisations from the public, private, community and voluntary sector within a local authority area, with the objective of improving people's quality of life.

Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004
Government legislation that brought a new approach to development planning, control, compulsory purchase and procedure. The Act updates elements of the 1990 Town & Country Planning Act.

Planning Policy
Planning policy provides the framework to guide and manage the development of land and buildings within Fylde and sets out future proposals for the area.

The main responsibilities of the planning policy team are to produce a robust evidence base to assist in the preparation of statutory and informal spatial planning policies and to provide planning policy advice on land use planning.

Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPG) / Planning Policy Statements (PPS)
These notes set out the Government’s policies on different aspects of planning. They should be taken into account by local planning authorities in preparing Local Development Frameworks and may also be material to decisions on individual planning applications and appeals.

Previously-Developed Land
Defined in Annex B of PPS3 (Housing) as:

‘Previously-developed land is that which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land and any associated fixed surface infrastructure.

The definition includes defence buildings, but excludes:

  • Land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings.
  • Land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill purposes where provision for restoration has been made through development control procedures.
  • Land in built-up areas such as private residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds and allotments, which, although it may feature paths, pavilions and other buildings, has not been previously developed.
  • Land that was previously-developed but where the remains of the permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape in the process of time (to the extent that it can be reasonably considered as part of the natural surroundings).

There is no presumption that land that is previously-developed is necessary suitable for housing development nor that the whole of the curtilage should be developed.’

Proposals Map
This illustrates in map form the policies and proposals of any Development Plan Document or saved Development Plan.

Regional Economic Strategy (RES)
This is the blueprint for the economic development of the North West. In light of the Government’s intention to abolish regional strategies, NWDA, in conjunction with its partners, have developed a high level framework / plan for the North West in the form of Future North West.

Regional Housing Strategy
Prioritising the needs of the region (by location and/or types of expenditure) to allow decisions to be taken on how housing resources should be allocated within the region. In light of the Government’s intention to abolish regional strategies, NWDA, in conjunction with its partners, have developed a high level framework / plan for the North West in the form of Future North West.

Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS)
Regional planning policy issued by the Secretary of State. In July 2010 the government announced the revocation of Regional Spatial Strategies. In light of the Government’s intention to abolish regional strategies, NWDA, in conjunction with its partners, have developed a high level framework / plan for the North West in the form of Future North West.

Saved Policies/Saved Plans
Policies within unitary development plans, local plans and structure plans that are saved during replacement production of Local Development Documents.

Spatial Planning
Spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function. This will include policies which can impact on land use by influencing the demands on, or needs for, development, but which are not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting or refusal of planning permission and which may be implemented by other means.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI)
This sets out how and when the community will be consulted and involved in the preparation of the LDF, as well as the Council’s procedures and arrangements for involving the community when considering planning applications.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment
Assess the likely level of housing that could be provided and assesses land availability by identifying buildings or areas of land (including previously developed land and greenfield) that have development potential for housing, including within mixed use developments.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment
Provides demand and need evidence to support right level of housing supply and good mix of housing at local/regional level.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment
The Strategic Flood Risk Assessment highlights the potential levels of risk from flooding throughout the Borough.

Structure Plan
This set out strategic planning polices for a shire county and formed the basis for detailed policies in local plans. The Joint Lancashire Structure Plan (JLSP) 2001 –2016 was the structure plan for Lancashire. When the North West Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS) was adopted in September 2008, the Joint Lancashire Structure Plan (JLSP) ceased to be part of the development plan, with the exception of policy 29 (Gypsies and Travellers), which has been saved by the Secretary of State.

Supplementary Plan Documents (SPDs)
Provide supplementary information in respect of the policies in Development Plan Documents. They do not form part of the development plan and are not subject to independent examination.

Sustainability Appraisal/Strategic Environmental Appraisal
Appraisal of plans, strategies and proposals to test them against the four broad objectives set out in the Government’s sustainable development strategy "A Better Quality of Life: A Strategy for sustainable development for the UK" published in 1999.

Sustainable Community Strategy
This is prepared by the Local Strategic Partnership (LSP) with the aim of improving the social, environmental and economic well-being of the Local Authority area, and should inform the Local Development Framework (LDF). It is a statutory requirement to produce a Sustainable Community Strategy.

Sustainable Development
The most commonly used definition is that of the 1987 World Commission on Environment and Development, the Brundtland Commission: ‘development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’.